Most of the transition metal ions are toxic and their removal from water is important. For this purpose, nearly monodisperse spherical core shell microgel particles with diameter of 88 ± 3 nm have been synthesized by free radical precipitation polymerization method and characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Extraction of copper ions from water under several conditions of pH, copper ions content and core shell microgel concentrations was undertaken. Several adsorption isotherms were tested to explore the process of adsorption of copper ions on the microgel particles. Kinetics of adsorption process was examined by pseudo first order, pseudo second order, intra-particle diffusion and Elovich models. Copper ions adsorbed in shell region of core shell microgel were reduced to copper nanoparticles. The hybrid microgel was used to reduce organic pollutants such as 4-nitrophenol (4NP), methylene blue (MB), and methyl orange (MO) in aqueous medium. The value of pseudo first order rate constant for catalytic reduction of 4NP, MB, and MO was found 0.602, 0.831, and 0.874 min-1 respectively. The resultant core shell hybrid microgel system can serve as efficient catalyst for numerous other organic transformations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry