The development of low temperature film production method is necessary in order to develop flexible dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) on the plastic films. Herein, we have developed a novel low-temperature (50 °C) annealing process for the successful fabrication flexible DSSCs on ITO/PEN substrate. By performing DSSC studies (morphology, UV-absorption spectra, I-V curve, IPCE and impedance) on various combinations of different TiO2, we aimed to find out the optimum conditions to achieve maximum performance. Remarkably, the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the cell with compression pressure of 150 kg/cm2 is obtained to be 3.86% which is 2.95 fold higher than that obtained without pressure. The mixing ratio between nano-sized (anatase-TiO2), middle sized (DP-25) and large sized (QF1125) TiO2 particles is optimized. The optimum mixing ratio between DP-25 and anatase-TiO2 is studied (LDP25 series). 8:2 ratio of DP25:a-TiO2 (named as LDP25-2) has shown maximum DSSC characteristics. Subsequently, the LDP25-2 is mixed with various amounts of QF1125 TiO2 particles. The mixture containing 1 wt.% of QF1125 and 99 wt.% of LDP25-2 (named as LDP25-2.1) has shown maximum efficiency of 4.62%. Overall, the photoelectric conversion efficiency increases from 1.3% (for only DP25 at 0 kg/cm2 pressure) to 4.62% (optimum mixing of a-TiO2, DP-25 and QF-1125).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering