Future mobile traffic growth will require 5G cellular networks to densify the deployment of small cell base stations (BS). As it is not feasible to form a backhaul (BH) by wiring all BSs to the core network, directional mmWave links can be an attractive solution to form BH links, due to their large available capacity. When small cells are powered on/off or traffic demands change, the BH may require reconfiguration, leading to topology and traffic routing changes. Ideally, such reconfiguration should be seamless and should not impact existing traffic. However, when using highly directional BH antennas which can be dynamically rotated to form new links, this can become time- consuming, requiring the coordination of BH interface movements, link establishment and traffic routing. In this paper, we propose greedy-based heuristic algorithms to solve the BH reconfiguration problem in real-time. We numerically compare the proposed algorithms with the optimal solution obtained by solving a mixed integer linear program (MILP) for smaller instances, and with a sub- optimal reduced MILP for larger instances. The obtained results indicate that the greedy-based algorithms achieve good quality solutions with significantly decreased execution time.
|Title of host publication
|2019 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2019 - Proceedings
|Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
|Published - Dec 1 2019