The sorption equilibrium and kinetics of cadmium ions from aqueous solution onto bone char have been studied. Equilibrium isotherms for the sorption system were correlated by Langmuir and bi-Langmuir equations. The application of the bi-Langmuir equation was developed because the mechanistic analysis in this research indicated that cadmium removal occurs ion exchange and physical adsorption onto different surface sites. The bi-Langmuir equation provides a better fit to the experimental data. In addition, the removal rates of cadmium ions based on the Langmuir models have been investigated. The effective diffusivity was calculated using the effects of initial metal ion concentration and bone char mass. Two mass-transport models based on film-pore diffusion control have been applied to analyze the concentration decay curves. The film and pore diffusion coefficients using an analytical equation are equal to 1.26 × 10-3 cm/s and 5.06 × 10-7 cm2/s, respectively. The pore diffusion coefficient obtained from the numerical method is 4.89 × 10-7 cm2/s. A sensitivity analysis showed that the film-pore diffusion model and constant effective diffusivity could be used to describe the mass-transport mechanism of the sorption system with a high degree of correlation. © 2001 Academic Press.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials