Flame stability and equivalence ratio assessment of turbulent partially premixed flames

Tawfik Badawy, Mahmoud Hamza, Mohy S. Mansour, Ayman M. Elbaz, James W. G. Turner, Mohammed A. Fayad, Ayad M. Al Jubori, Ahmed M. Daabo, Ziman Wang, Chongming Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This study is geared toward generating highly stabilized partially premixed flames at various levels of turbulence and partially premixing. Therefore, with the help of the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technique, a new burner was constructed and employed to quantitatively estimate the mixture equivalence ratio (Φ) within the flame. Two turbulence generator disks, five degrees of partial premixing, and two fuels were used to assess the flame stability. Natural gas (NG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) were used as fuels. The LIBS spectrum's most common atomic emission lines which include hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon, were chosen to establish the correlation between emission lines' intensity and the flame's mixture equivalence ratio. The results showed that the stability of NG flame was less sensitive to the variation of the partially premixing levels. In contrast, the LPG flames were more susceptible to the variation of the mixing degree. At a lower level of partially premixing, NG flames were more stable, and as the mixing degree increased, the stability of NG flames was reduced compared to LPG flames. In addition, the results showed that the equivalence ratio radial profiles are more homogeneous and have lower RMS fluctuation for the wider slot of the turbulence generator disc. Furthermore, the larger turbulence generator disk's higher turbulent intensity contributed in posting the mixing process and enhancing mixture homogeneity over even shorter recess distances than the smaller disk generator.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125107
StatePublished - Jun 30 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology


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