Galerkin projection methods for solving multiple linear systems

Tony F. Chan, Michael K. Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


In this paper, we consider using conjugate gradient (CG) methods for solving multiple linear systems A(i)x(i) = b(i), for 1 ≤ i ≤ s, where the coefficient matrices A(i) and the right-hand sides b(i) are different in general. In particular, we focus on the seed projection method which generates a Krylov subspace from a set of direction vectors obtained by solving one of the systems, called the seed system, by the CG method and then projects the residuals of other systems onto the generated Krylov subspace to get the approximate solutions. The whole process is repeated until all the systems are solved. Most papers in the literature [T. F. Chan and W. L. Wan, SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 18 (1997), pp. 1698-1721; B. Parlett Linear Algebra Appl., 29 (1980), pp. 323-346; Y. Saad, Math. Comp., 48 (1987), pp. 651-662; V. Simoncini and E. Gallopoulos, SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 16 (1995), pp. 917-933; C. Smith, A. Peterson, and R. Mittra, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, 37 (1989), pp. 1490-1493] considered only the case where the coefficient matrices A(i) are the same but the right-hand sides are different. We extend and analyze the method to solve multiple linear systems with varying coefficient matrices and right-hand sides. A theoretical error bound is given for the approximation obtained from a projection process onto a Krylov subspace generated from solving a previous linear system. Finally, numerical results for multiple linear systems arising from image restorations and recursive least squares computations are reported to illustrate the effectiveness of the method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)836-850
Number of pages15
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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