Gap States at Low-Angle Grain Boundaries in Monolayer Tungsten Diselenide

Yu Li Huang, Zijing Ding, Wenjing Zhang, Yung-Huang Chang, Yumeng Shi, Lain-Jong Li, Zhibo Song, Yu Jie Zheng, Dongzhi Chi, Su Ying Quek, Andrew T. S. Wee

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53 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have revealed many novel properties of interest to future device applications. In particular, the presence of grain boundaries (GBs) can significantly influence the material properties of 2D TMDs. However, direct characterization of the electronic properties of the GB defects at the atomic scale remains extremely challenging. In this study, we employ scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy to investigate the atomic and electronic structure of low-angle GBs of monolayer tungsten diselenide (WSe2) with misorientation angles of 3-6°. Butterfly features are observed along the GBs, with the periodicity depending on the misorientation angle. Density functional theory calculations show that these butterfly features correspond to gap states that arise in tetragonal dislocation cores and extend to distorted six-membered rings around the dislocation core. Understanding the nature of GB defects and their influence on transport and other device properties highlights the importance of defect engineering in future 2D device fabrication. © 2016 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3682-3688
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 9 2016


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