Proposed long-term options for de-carbonizing transport are assessed. Various shortcomings of electrification or molecular hydrogen as an energy carrier are discussed which may prevent their widespread adoption. The development of a Tri- Fuel vehicle, capable of operating on any combination of gasoline, ethanol, and methanol, using a single fuel system is described, demonstrating that compatible, affordable transport can be developed, supplied by sustainable organic fuels. Low- carbon-number alcohols and, where necessary, synthetic hydrocarbons, can be supplied from the biosphere up to the biomass limit from biofuels, and beyond the biomass limit from the atmosphere and oceans using captured C02 and hydrogen electrolysed from water. © Lotus Engineering, 2009.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Low-Carbon Vehicles 2009|
|Number of pages||22|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2009|