Gd(iii)-doped carbon dots as a dual fluorescent-MRI probe

Athanasios B. Bourlinos, Aristides Bakandritsos, Antonios Kouloumpis, Dimitrios Gournis, Marta Krysmann, Emmanuel P. Giannelis, Katerina Polakova, Klara Safarova, Katerina Hola, Radek Zboril

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

195 Scopus citations


We describe the synthesis of Gd(iii)-doped carbon dots as dual fluorescence-MRI probes for biomedical applications. The derived Gd(iii)-doped carbon dots show uniform particle size (3-4 nm) and gadolinium distribution and form stable dispersions in water. More importantly, they exhibit bright fluorescence, strong T1-weighted MRI contrast and low cytotoxicity. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23327
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number44
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


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