Generalized empirical likelihood methods for analyzing longitudinal data

S. Wang, L. Qian, R. J. Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Efficient estimation of parameters is a major objective in analyzing longitudinal data. We propose two generalized empirical likelihood based methods that take into consideration within-subject correlations. A nonparametric version of the Wilks theorem for the limiting distributions of the empirical likelihood ratios is derived. It is shown that one of the proposed methods is locally efficient among a class of within-subject variance-covariance matrices. A simulation study is conducted to investigate the finite sample properties of the proposed methods and compare them with the block empirical likelihood method by You et al. (2006) and the normal approximation with a correctly estimated variance-covariance. The results suggest that the proposed methods are generally more efficient than existing methods which ignore the correlation structure, and better in coverage compared to the normal approximation with correctly specified within-subject correlation. An application illustrating our methods and supporting the simulation study results is also presented.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-93
Number of pages15
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 16 2010
Externally publishedYes


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