Geometrically controlled organic small molecule acceptors for efficient fullerene-free organic photovoltaic devices

Wisnu Tantyo Hadmojo, So Youn Nam, Tae Joo Shin, Sung Cheol Yoon, Sung Yeon Jang*, In Hwan Jung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Organic small molecule (SM) acceptors containing a perylene diimide (PDI) moiety, F2B-T2PDI and T2PDI are synthesized, and the effects of their molecular geometry on the performance of fullerene-free organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices are investigated. The SM acceptors possess a PDI-core-PDI structure in which the PDI wing is connected to conjugated core units. By incorporation of a 2,5-difluorobenzene (F2B) moiety within the core unit, the planarity of the conjugated core is enhanced and the energy levels of the SM acceptor are down-shifted. In terms of molecular geometry, the F2B-containing SM acceptor, F2B-T2PDI, has a rigid core, which can symmetrically align the two PDI wings and enhance molecular packing. As a result, improved electron transport and bulk heterojunction morphology of the active layers are achieved. Furthermore, the incorporation of the F2B moiety effectively down-shifts the HOMO energy level, preventing back-transfer of holes from the acceptor to the cathode and enhancing the absorption of complementary wavelengths of the donor polymer, PTB7-Th. Leveraged by the beneficial geometric and energetic effects from the incorporation of F2B units, the power conversion efficiency of fullerene-free OPV devices using F2B-T2PDI reached 5%, whereas that using T2PDI was 3.63%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12308-12318
Number of pages11
Issue number31
StatePublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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