The excessive global emission of greenhouse gases (mainly carbon dioxide, CO2 and methane, CH4), especially due to the burning of fossil fuel for energy and power generation, is the main cause to the air pollution and greenhouse effect. This has eventually brought many issues, such as climate change and global warming, that will affect the standard life of human beings. Many strategies have been proposed to further reduce the excessive emission of greenhouse gases, including CO2 and CH4 utilization. This method not only reduce the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, but also producing renewable energy (syngas) at the same time. Hence, CO2 and CH4 utilization is also a promising approach to assist in overcoming the energy crisis due to the increasing population in time. Basically, the utilization of CO2 and CH4 system can be categorized into four: (i) electrochemical reduction, (ii) advanced catalyst system, (iii) photocatalytic reduction, and (iv) plasma technology. In this review paper, the mechanism implemented on the four abovementioned categories and their respective limitations are presented. Besides, future recommendations to optimize the greenhouse gases utilization system for up-scaling purpose is also highlighted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Organic Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology