Herein, hierarchical porous biochar from shrimp shell (PSS-bio) was prepared and applied for persulfate activation for 2,4-dichlorophenol removal. The pyrolysis temperature was found to play an important role in carbon structure and property modulation, where PSS-bio obtained at 800 °C (PSS-800) exhibited the fastest adsorption capacity and the best catalytic activity with the degradation rates 29 times higher than that of PSS-bio obtained at 400 °C (PSS-400). Further analysis demonstrated that hierarchical pores and carbon configuration were two key impact factors of biochar in AOP. Interestingly, the original free-radical dominated pathway in PSS-400 also changed into a non-radical one (direct two-electron transfer path) in PSS-800, whose efficiency could be somewhat disturbed by pH values, humic acid and anions regardless of their concentrations as low as 5 mM or as high as 500 mM, demonstrating its application potential for the treatment of both highly saline water and organic-rich water.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology