Identification and high-resolution mapping of a novel tiller number gene (tin6) by combining forward genetics screen and MutMap approach in bread wheat.

Adam Schoen, Inderjit Yadav, Shuangye Wu, Jesse Poland, Nidhi Rawat, Vijay Tiwari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wheat (Triticum aestivum) is one of the most important food crops worldwide, providing up to 20% of the caloric intake per day. Developing high-yielding wheat cultivars with tolerance against abiotic and biotic stresses is important to keep up with the increasing human population. Tiller number is one of the major yield-related traits, directly affecting the number of grains produced per plant; however, only a small number of QTL and underlining genes have been identified for this important factor. Identification of novel genetic variation underlying contrasting traits and their precise genetic mapping in wheat is considered difficult due to the complexity and size of the genome; however, advancements in genomic resources have made efficient gene localization more possible. In this study, we report the characterization of a novel tillering number gene using a mutant identified in the forward genetic screen of an ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS)-treated population of cv. “Jagger.” By crossing the low tillering mutant with the Jagger wild-type plant, we generated an F2 population and used the MutMap approach to identify a novel physical interval on 11 Mb on chromosome 2DS. Using an F2 population of 442 gametes and polymorphic SNP markers, we were able to delineate the tin6 locus to a 2.1 Mb region containing 22 candidate genes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFunctional & Integrative Genomics
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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