Mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) is a carnivorous freshwater fish and an economically important species. The digestive system (liver, stomach, intestine, pyloric caecum, esophagus, and gallbladder) is an important site for studying fish domestication. In our previous study, we found that mandarin fish undergoes adaptive changes in histological morphology and gene expression levels of the digestive system when subjected to artificial diet domestication. However, we are not clear which hub genes are highly associated with domestication. In this study, we performed WGCNA on the transcriptomes of 17 tissues and 9 developmental stages and combined differentially expressed genes analysis in the digestive system to identify the hub genes that may play important functions in the adaptation of mandarin fish to bait conversion. A total of 31,657 genes in 26 samples were classified into 23 color modules via WGCNA. The modules midnightblue, darkred, lightyellow, and darkgreen highly associated with the liver, stomach, esophagus, and gallbladder were extracted, respectively. Tan module was highly related to both intestine and pyloric caecum. The hub genes in liver were cp, vtgc, c1in, c9, lect2, and klkb1. The hub genes in stomach were ghrl, atp4a, gjb3, muc5ac, duox2, and chia2. The hub genes in esophagus were mybpc1, myl2, and tpm3. The hub genes in gallbladder were dyst, npy2r, slc13a1, and slc39a4. The hub genes in the intestine and pyloric caecum were slc15a1, cdhr5, btn3a1, anpep, slc34a2, cdhr2, and ace2. Through pathway analysis, modules highly related to the digestive system were mainly enriched in digestion and absorption, metabolism, and immune-related pathways. After domestication, the hub genes vtgc and lect2 were significantly upregulated in the liver. Chia2 was significantly downregulated in the stomach. Slc15a1, anpep, and slc34a2 were significantly upregulated in the intestine. This study identified the hub genes that may play an important role in the adaptation of the digestive system to artificial diet, which provided novel evidence and ideas for further research on the domestication of mandarin fish from molecular level.
|Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part D, Genomics & proteomics
|Published - Jul 27 2023
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology