Identification of Néel Vector Orientation in Antiferromagnetic Domains Switched by Currents in NiO/Pt Thin Films

C. Schmitt, L. Baldrati, L. Sanchez-Tejerina, F. Schreiber, A. Ross, M. Filianina, S. Ding, F. Fuhrmann, R. Ramos, F. Maccherozzi, D. Backes, M.-A. Mawass, F. Kronast, S. Valencia, E. Saitoh, G. Finocchio, M. Kläui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Understanding the electrical manipulation of antiferromagnetic order is a crucial aspect to enable the design of antiferromagnetic devices working at THz frequency. Focusing on collinear insulating antiferromagnetic NiO/Pt thin films as a materials platform, we identify the crystallographic orientation of the domains that can be switched by currents and quantify the N\'eel vector direction changes. We demonstrate electrical switching between different T-domains by current pulses, finding that the N\'eel vector orientation in these domains is along $[\pm1\ \pm1\ 3.8]$, different compared to the bulk $$ directions. The final state of the N\'eel vector $\textbf{n}$ switching after current pulses $\textbf{j}$ along the $[1\ \pm1\ 0]$ directions is $\textbf{n}\parallel \textbf{j}$. By comparing the observed N\'eel vector orientation and the strain in the thin films, assuming that this variation arises solely from magnetoelastic effects, we quantify the order of magnitude of the magnetoelastic coupling coefficient as $b_{0}+2b_{1}=3*10^7 J\ m^{-3}$ . This information is key for the understanding of current-induced switching in antiferromagnets and for the design and use of such devices as active elements in spintronic devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 16 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of Néel Vector Orientation in Antiferromagnetic Domains Switched by Currents in NiO/Pt Thin Films'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this