Immobilization of Aspergillus oryzae β galactosidase on zinc oxide nanoparticles via simple adsorption mechanism

Qayyum Husain, Shakeel Ahmed Ansari, Fahad Alam, Ameer Azam

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128 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study demonstrates the immobilization of Aspergillus oryzae β galactosidase on native zinc oxide (ZnO) and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NP) by simple adsorption mechanism. The binding of enzyme on ZnO-NP was confirmed by Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Native ZnO and ZnO-NP showed 60% and 85% immobilization yield, respectively. Soluble and immobilized enzyme preparations exhibited similar pH-optima at pH 4.5. ZnO-NP bound β galactosidase retained 73% activity at pH 7.0 while soluble and ZnO adsorbed enzyme lost 68% and 53% activity under similar experimental conditions, respectively. There was a marked broadening in temperature-activity profile for ZnO-NP adsorbed β galactosidase; it showed no difference in temperature-optima between 50 °C and 60 °C. Moreover, ZnO-NP adsorbed β galactosidase retained 53% activity after 1. h incubation with 5% galactose while the native ZnO- and soluble β galactosidase exhibited 35% and 28% activity under similar exposure, respectively. Native ZnO and ZnO-NP adsorbed β galactosidase retained 61% and 75% of the initial activity after seventh repeated use, respectively. It was noticed that 54%, 63% and 71% milk lactose was hydrolyzed by soluble, ZnO adsorbed and ZnO-NP adsorbed β galactosidase in batch process after 9. h while whey lactose was hydrolyzed to 61%, 68% and 81% under similar experimental conditions, respectively. In view of its easy production, improved stability against various denaturants and excellent reusability, ZnO-NP bound β galactosidase may find its applications in constructing enzyme-based analytical devices for clinical, environmental and food technology. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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