In most of the existing works of molecular communication (MC), the standard diffusion environment is taken into account where the mean square displacement (MSD) of an information molecule (IM) scales linearly with time. On the contrary, this work considers the sub-diffusion motion that appears in crowded and complex (porous or fractal) environments (movement of the particles in the living cells) where the particle’s MSD scales as a fractional order power law in time. Moreover, we examine an additional evanescence process resulting from which the molecules can degrade before hitting the boundary of the receiver (RX). Thus, in this work, we present a 3D MC system with a point transmitter (TX) and the spherical RX with the sub-diffusive behavior of an IM along with its evanescence. Furthermore, an IM’s closed-form expressions for the arrival probability and the first passage time density (FPTD) are emulated in the above context. Additionally, we investigate the performance of MC by using the concentration-based modulation technique in a sub-diffusion channel. Finally, the considered MC channel is exploited in terms of the probability of detection, probability of false alarm, and probability of error for different parameters such as the reaction rate, fractional power, and radius of the RX.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Medicine (miscellaneous)