Importance of sampling frequency when collecting diatoms

Naicheng Wu, Claas Faber, Xiuming Sun, Yueming Qu, Chao Wang, Snjezana Ivetic, Tenna Riis, Uta Ulrich, Nicola Fohrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


There has been increasing interest in diatom-based bio-assessment but we still lack a comprehensive understanding of how to capture diatoms’ temporal dynamics with an appropriate sampling frequency (ASF). To cover this research gap, we collected and analyzed daily riverine diatom samples over a 1-year period (25 April 2013–30 April 2014) at the outlet of a German lowland river. The samples were classified into five clusters (1–5) by a Kohonen Self-Organizing Map (SOM) method based on similarity between species compositions over time. ASFs were determined to be 25 days at Cluster 2 (June-July 2013) and 13 days at Cluster 5 (February-April 2014), whereas no specific ASFs were found at Cluster 1 (April-May 2013), 3 (August-November 2013) (>30 days) and Cluster 4 (December 2013 - January 2014) (
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 14 2016


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