Fault detection is a necessary component to perform ongoing monitoring of photovoltaic plants and helps in their safety, maintainability, and productivity with the desired performance. In this study, an innovative technique is introduced by amalgamating Latent Variable Regression (LVR) methods, namely Principal Component Regression (PCR) and Partial Least Square (PLS), and the Triple Exponentially Weighted Moving Average (TEWMA) statistical monitoring scheme. The TEWMA scheme is known for its sensitivity to uncovering changes of small magnitude. Nevertheless, TEWMA can only be utilized for monitoring single variables and ignoring the correlation among monitored variables. To alleviate this difficulty, the LVR methods (i.e., PCR and PLS) are used as residual generators. Then, the TEWMA is applied to the obtained residuals for fault detection purposes, where the detection threshold is computed via kernel density estimation to improve its performance and widen its applicability in practice. Real data with different fault scenarios from a 9.54 kW photovoltaic plant has been used to verify the efficiency of the proposed schemes. Results revealed the superior performance of the PLS-TEWMA chart compared to the PLS-TEWMA chart, particularly in detecting anomalies with small changes. Moreover, they have almost comparable performance for large anomalies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science(all)