InAs/GaAs quantum-dot intermixing: comparison of various dielectric encapsulants

Hala H. Alhashim, Mohammed Zahed Mustafa Khan, Mohammed Abdul Majid, Tien Khee Ng, Boon S. Ooi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We report on the impurity-free vacancy-disordering effect in InAs/GaAs quantum-dot (QD) laser structure based on seven dielectric capping layers. Compared to the typical SiO2 and Si3N4 films, HfO2 and SrTiO3 dielectric layers showed superior enhancement and suppression of intermixing up to 725°C, respectively. A QD peak ground-state differential blue shift of >175 nm (>148 meV) is obtained for HfO2 capped sample. Likewise, investigation of TiO2, Al2O3, and ZnO capping films showed unusual characteristics, such as intermixing-control caps at low annealing temperature (650°C) and interdiffusion-promoting caps at high temperatures (≥675°C). We qualitatively compared the degree of intermixing induced by these films by extracting the rate of intermixing and the temperature for ground-state and excited-state convergences. Based on our systematic characterization, we established reference intermixing processes based on seven different dielectric encapsulation materials. The tailored wavelength emission of ∼1060−1200 nm at room temperature and improved optical quality exhibited from intermixed QDs would serve as key materials for eventual realization of low-cost, compact, and agile lasers. Applications include solid-state laser pumping, optical communications, gas sensing, biomedical imaging, green–yellow–orange coherent light generation, as well as addressing photonic integration via area-selective, and postgrowth bandgap engineering.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107107
JournalOptical Engineering
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 16 2015


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