Inhibitor and Activator: Dual Role of Subsurface Sulfide Enables Selective and Efficient Electro-Oxidation of Methanol to Formate on CuS@CuO Core-Shell Nanosheet Arrays

Mustafa Khan, Muhammad Imran Abdullah, Abdus Samad, Zhiang Shao, Talifhani Mushiana, Asma Akhtar, Asima Hameed, Ning Zhang, Udo Schwingenschlögl, Mingming Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Selective electro-oxidation of aliphatic alcohols into value-added carboxylates at lower potentials than that of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is an environmentally and economically desirable anode reaction for clean energy storage and conversion technologies. However, it is challenging to achieve both high selectivity and high activity of the catalysts for the electro-oxidation of alcohols, such as the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). Herein, a monolithic CuS@CuO/copper-foam electrode for the MOR with superior catalytic activity and almost 100% selectivity for formate is reported. In the core-shell CuS@CuO nanosheet arrays, the surface CuO directly catalyzes MOR, while the subsurface sulfide not only serves as an inhibitor to attenuate the oxidative power of the surface CuO to achieve selective oxidation of methanol to formate and prevent over-oxidation of formate to CO2 but also serves as an activator to form more surface O defects as active sites and enhances the methanol adsorption and charge transfer to achieve superior catalytic activity. CuS@CuO/copper-foam electrodes can be prepared on a large scale by electro-oxidation of copper-foam at ambient conditions and can be readily utilized in clean energy technologies.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSmall
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Inhibitor and Activator: Dual Role of Subsurface Sulfide Enables Selective and Efficient Electro-Oxidation of Methanol to Formate on CuS@CuO Core-Shell Nanosheet Arrays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this