KAIKObase: An integrated silkworm genome database and data mining tool

Michihiko Shimomura, Hiroshi Minami, Yoshitaka Suetsugu, Hajime Ohyanagi, Chikatada Satoh, Baltazar Antonio, Yoshiaki Nagamura, Keiko Kadono-Okuda, Hideyuki Kajiwara, Hideki Sezutsu, Javaregowda Nagaraju, Marian R. Goldsmith, Qingyou Xia, Kimiko Yamamoto*, Kazuei Mita

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


Background: The silkworm, Bombyx mori, is one of the most economically important insects in many developing countries owing to its large-scale cultivation for silk production. With the development of genomic and biotechnological tools, B. mori has also become an important bioreactor for production of various recombinant proteins of biomedical interest. In 2004, two genome sequencing projects for B. mori were reported independently by Chinese and Japanese teams; however, the datasets were insufficient for building long genomic scaffolds which are essential for unambiguous annotation of the genome. Now, both the datasets have been merged and assembled through a joint collaboration between the two groups. Description: Integration of the two data sets of silkworm whole-genome-shotgun sequencing by the Japanese and Chinese groups together with newly obtained fosmid- and BAC-end sequences produced the best continuity (~3.7 Mb in N50 scaffold size) among the sequenced insect genomes and provided a high degree of nucleotide coverage (88%) of all 28 chromosomes. In addition, a physical map of BAC contigs constructed by fingerprinting BAC clones and a SNP linkage map constructed using BAC-end sequences were available. In parallel, proteomic data from two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in various tissues and developmental stages were compiled into a silkworm proteome database. Finally, a Bombyx trap database was constructed for documenting insertion positions and expression data of transposon insertion lines. Conclusion: For efficient usage of genome information for functional studies, genomic sequences, physical and genetic map information and EST data were compiled into KAIKObase, an integrated silkworm genome database which consists of 4 map viewers, a gene viewer, and sequence, keyword and position search systems to display results and data at the level of nucleotide sequence, gene, scaffold and chromosome. Integration of the silkworm proteome database and the Bombyx trap database with KAIKObase led to a high-grade, user-friendly, and comprehensive silkworm genome database which is now available from URL: http://sgp.dna.affrc.go.jp/KAIKObase/.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1471
Pages (from-to)486
Number of pages1
JournalBMC genomics
StatePublished - Oct 21 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics


Dive into the research topics of 'KAIKObase: An integrated silkworm genome database and data mining tool'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this