Kirchhoff time migration for transversely isotropic media: An application to Trinidad data

Tariq Alkhalifa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Using a newly developed nonhyperbolic offset-mid-point traveltime equation for prestack Kirchhoff time migration, instead of the conventional double-square-root (DSR) equation, results in overall better images from anisotropic data. Specifically, prestack Kirchhoff time migration for transversely isotropic media with a vertical symmetry axis (VTI media) is implemented using an analytical offset-midpoint traveltime equation that represents the equivalent of Cheop's pyramid for VTI media. It includes higher-order terms necessary to better handle anisotropy as well as vertical inhomogeneity. Application of this enhanced Kirchhoff time-migration method to the anisotropic Marmousi data set demonstrates the effectiveness of the approach. Further application of the method to field data from Trinidad results in sharper reflectivity images of the subsurface, with the faults better focused and positioned than with images obtained using isotropic methods. The superiority of the anisotropic time migration is evident in the flatness of the image gathers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006


  • Anisotropic media
  • Faulting
  • Seismic waves
  • Seismology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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