(La, Pr)0.8Sr0.2FeO3-δ-Sm 0.2Ce0.8O2-δ composite cathode for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells

Yonghong Chen, Qingwen Gu, Dong Tian, Yanzhi Ding, Xiaoyong Lu, Weili Yu, Tayirjan T. Isimjan, Lin Bin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Mixed rare-earth (La, Pr)0.8Sr0.2FeO 3-δ-Sm0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (LPSF-SDC) composite cathode was investigated for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells based on protonic BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y 0.2O3-δ (BZCY) electrolyte. The powders of La 0.8-xPrxSr0.2FeO3-δ (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6), Sm0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (SDC) and BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ (BZCY) were synthesized by a citric acid-nitrates self-propagating combustion method. The XRD results indicate that La0.8-xPrxSr 0.2FeO3-δ samples calcined at 950 °C exhibit perovskite structure and there are no interactions between LPSF0.2 and SDC at 1100 °C. The average thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of LPSF0.2-SDC, BZCY and NiO-BZCY is 12.50 × 10-6 K-1, 13.51 × 10-6 K-1 and 13.47 × 10-6 K -1, respectively, which can provide good thermal compatibility between electrodes and electrolyte. An anode-supported single cell of NiO-BZCY|BZCY|LPSF0.2-SDC was successfully fabricated and operated from 700 °C to 550 °C with humidified hydrogen (∼3% H2O) as fuel and the static air as oxidant. A high maximum power density of 488 mW cm -2, an open-circuit potential of 0.95 V, and a low electrode polarization resistance of 0.071 Ω cm2 were achieved at 700 °C. Preliminary results demonstrate that LPSF0.2-SDC composite is a promising cathode material for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells. © 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13665-13670
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number25
StatePublished - Aug 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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