Laser-Induced Reductive Sintering of Nickel Oxide Nanoparticles under Ambient Conditions

Dongwoo Paeng, Daeho Lee, Junyeob Yeo, Jae-Hyuck Yoo, Frances I. Allen, Eunpa Kim, Hongyun So, Hee K. Park, Andrew M. Minor, Costas P. Grigoropoulos

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69 Scopus citations


© 2015 American Chemical Society. This work is concerned with the kinetics of laser-induced reductive sintering of nonstoichiometric crystalline nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles (NPs) under ambient conditions. The mechanism of photophysical reductive sintering upon irradiation using a 514.5 nm continuous-wave (CW) laser on NiO NP thin films has been studied through modulating the laser power density and illumination time. Protons produced due to high-temperature decomposition of the solvent present in the NiO NP ink, oxygen vacancies in the NiO NPs, and electronic excitation in the NiO NPs by laser irradiation all affect the early stage of the reductive sintering process. Once NiO NPs are reduced by laser irradiation to Ni, they begin to coalesce, forming a conducting material. In situ optical and electrical measurements during the reductive sintering process take advantage of the distinct differences between the oxide and the metallic phases to monitor the transient evolution of the process. We observe four regimes: oxidation, reduction, sintering, and reoxidation. A characteristic time scale is assigned to each regime.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6363-6372
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 4 2015
Externally publishedYes


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