Low-Cost Customized Color-Blind Contact Lenses using 3D Printed Molds

Ahmed E. Salih, Fahad Alam, Mohamed Elsherif, Saba Hittini, Haider Butt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Prominence of color perception in our day-to-day routine is unequivocally pronounced, yet visual ramifications due to color vision deficiency (CVD) or color blindness impede carriers of this disorder from functioning normally. To circumvent this deficiency, patients opt for tinted glasses/contact lenses to complement their color distinction capabilities. Red-green color blindness, the most prevalent form of CVD, can be alleviated using such glasses/lenses that filter out problematic wavelengths (540–580 nm). Nonetheless, nearly all contact lenses established by companies and developed by researchers are tinted throughout their entire surface, causing patients discomfort and needless attention as people can easily note their deficiency. Ideally, the tint within the lens should only cover the eye's pupil as it is responsible for perceiving light. Hence herein, CVD contact lenses are fabricated by solely tinting the midportion of commercial lenses utilizing two additively manufactured molds with 4 and 8 mm-diameter holes to emulate the humans’ average pupil size. The tinted lenses filter light effectively at 530–590 nm with their transmission dip being at 558 nm. The contact lenses show excellent wettability and water retention capabilities along with demonstrating superior wavelength-filtering properties to most of the commercial and research-based CVD wearables.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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