Low-temperature chemistry triggered by probe cooling in a low-pressure premixed flame

Xiaoyuan Zhang, Yan Zhang, Tianyu Li, Yuyang Li*, Jiabiao Zou, Philippe Dagaut, Jiuzhong Yang, Wei Li, Meirong Zeng, Hanfeng Jin, Wenhao Yuan, Fei Qi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Previous studies on sampling probe effects in the premixed flat flame showed that the temperature in the preheat zone can be lowered down to low-temperature oxidation regime (e.g., 400–800 K). In order to investigate the contribution of the low-temperature chemistry in flame-sampling experiments, a stoichiometric laminar premixed flat flame of ethylene/oxygen/argon was investigated at 30 Torr using synchrotron vacuum ultraviolet photoionization mass spectrometry (SVUV-PIMS) in this work. Ethyl hydroperoxide (C2H5OOH) was identified and quantified in the present experiment, providing an experimental evidence for the existence of low-temperature chemistry in flame-sampling experiments. In addition to C2H5OOH, the formation of several other intermediates like ethanol and formaldehyde was also influenced by the low-temperature chemistry in the present flame-sampling experiment. A literature kinetic model (Hashemi et al., 2017) was used for predictions and analyses. The difference between the predicted maximum mole fractions of C2H5OOH with the perturbed and unperturbed temperature profiles can reach up to five orders of magnitude. The great improvement of the predictions with the perturbed temperature profiles indicates that the observed low-temperature chemistry in the present flame sampling experiment originates from the probe-induced perturbations, which lowers down the temperature window of the preheat zone and leads to a temperature drop of more than 400 K compared with the unperturbed temperature profile. Through modeling analysis, the low-temperature oxidation chemistry of ethylene involved in the present flame-sampling experiment was discussed. The influence of low-temperature chemistry in the present experiment has also been demonstrated by comparing the model predictions with/without key reactions at low temperatures. It is concluded that predicted maximum mole fractions of several low-temperature chemistry related intermediates, i.e. C2H5OOH, ethanol and formaldehyde, are strongly reduced without these reactions, while low-temperature chemistry only has negligible influence on the predictions of the fuel and the majority of flame intermediates. Furthermore, preliminary experiments were also conducted in ethane, propene and n-butane flames under similar conditions, where hydroperoxides can also be observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-267
Number of pages8
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Jun 2019


  • Hydroperoxide
  • Laminar premixed flame
  • Low-temperature chemistry
  • Probe-induced perturbation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Low-temperature chemistry triggered by probe cooling in a low-pressure premixed flame'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this