MAC-Layer Active Dropping for Real-Time Video Streaming in 4G Access Networks

James She, Fen Hou, Basem Shihada, Pin-Han Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This paper introduces a MAC-layer active dropping scheme to achieve effective resource utilization, which can satisfy the application-layer delay for real-time video streaming in time division multiple access based 4G broadband wireless access networks. When a video frame is not likely to be reconstructed within the application-layer delay bound at a receiver for the minimum decoding requirement, the MAC-layer protocol data units of such video frame will be proactively dropped before the transmission. An analytical model is developed to evaluate how confident a video frame can be delivered within its application-layer delay bound by jointly considering the effects of time-varying wireless channel, minimum decoding requirement of each video frame, data retransmission, and playback buffer. Extensive simulations with video traces are conducted to prove the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. When compared to conventional cross-layer schemes using prioritized-transmission/retransmission, the proposed scheme is practically implementable for more effective resource utilization, avoiding delay propagation, and achieving better video qualities under certain conditions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-572
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2010


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