Major histocompatibility complex class II alleles in Kazak and Han populations in the Silk Route of northwestern China

N. Mizuki, S. Ohno, H. Ando, T. Sato, T. Imanishi, T. Gojobori, M. Ishihara, M. Ota, Z. Geng, L. Geng, G. Li, M. Kimura, H. Inoko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Genetic polymorphism of the HLA class II loci including the DRB1, DQA1, DQB1 and DPB1 genes was investigated by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment-length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method in a Kazak population inhabiting the most northwestern part of China, Urumqi in the Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu as well as in a Han population in the same area. Forty-two Kazak and 59 Han unrelated volunteers were enrolled in this study. Among 51 DRB1 alleles tested, 29 alleles were detected, and DRB1*0301 (13.1%) and DRB1*07 (10.7%) in Kazak and DRB1*0901 (11.9%), DRB1*1501 (11.0%) and DRB1*07 (11.0%) in northwestern Han were highly predominant. In 8 DQA1 alleles detected, DQA1*0501 (29.8%) and DQA1*0301 (23.8%) in Kazak, and DQA1*0301 (28.8%) and DQA1*0102 (19.5%) in northwestern Han were the most and the second most common alleles, respectively. Of 18 DQB1 alleles tested, 14 were observed, among which DQB1*0201 and DQB1*0301 were very frequent both in Kazak (23.8% and 21.4%, respectively) and northwestern Han (18.6% and 16.9%, respectively) populations. Of 37 DPB1 alleles tested, 14 were detected. Among them, the frequencies of DPB1*0401 (21.4%), DPB1*0501 (20.2%), DPB1*0402 (19.0%) and DPB1*0201 (16.7%) in Kazak, and those of DPB1*0501 (38.1%) and DPB1*0201 (16.1%) in northwestern Han were highly increased. Several three-locus haplotypes were recognized to predominate significantly, namely DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 (13.1%) and DRB1*0701-DQA1*0201-DQB1*0201 (8.3%) in Kazak; and DRB1*0901-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0303 (11.9%) and DRB1*0701-DQA1*0201-DQB1*0201 (10.2%) in northwestern Han. The dendrogram constructed by the neighbor-joining (NJ) method based on the allele frequencies of the DRB1, DQA1, DQB1 and DPB1 genes of 12 representative populations all over the world including northern Han, southern Han, Manchu and Japanese suggested that Kazak and northwestern Han were the closest to each other, but Kazak was a little farther from the Asian ethnic groups than northwestern Han.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalTissue Antigens
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Genotyping
  • HLA
  • Han
  • Haplotype
  • Kazak
  • Population study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics


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