Mechanically Flexible Fluid Flow Sensor for Macro-Tubular Architectures †

Maha Nour*, Nadeem Qaiser, Sherjeel Khan, Saleh Bunaiyan, Muhammad M. Hussain

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Flow sensors are essential for a variety of applications in fluidic industries. This paper proposes a liquid flow sensor using a microfluidic channel for macrotubular architectures. The sensor comprised a firm poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) microfluidic channel bridge on a mechanically flexible polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) platform installed on the inner wall of tubular systems. The flexible platform was compatible with various tubular architectures and adopted curvatures. In addition, the microscale fluidic channel surpassed the primary disadvantages of common bulky and rigid flowmeters that cause flow streams disturbance and significant pressure drops in tubular systems. Moreover, the microchannel flow sensor is based on detecting the dominated dynamic pressure generated from the fluid velocity inside the microchannel since the tube flow rate is proportional to the flow velocity inside the channel. The pressure sensors for the microchannel flowmeter displayed a sensitivity of 10 pF/kPa and were fabricated inside the PDMS platform. In particular, the pressure was measured using a capacitive pressure sensor owing to its compatibility with flexible electronics and low power consumption. The capacitive pressure sensor inside the microchannel measures the flowrate based on the force generated on the internal walls from the fluid flow velocity inside the channel. Furthermore, the flow sensor behavior was studied for the overall tubular system and validated using a simulation model for volume flow rate ranging from 500 to 2000 mL/min.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number76
JournalEngineering Proceedings
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021


  • flexible
  • flowmeter
  • microfluidic
  • pipe
  • sensor
  • tube
  • viscometer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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