Complexes of poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) and sodium silicate (PDDA-silicate) are alternately deposited with poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) to fabricate PAA/PDDA-silicate multilayer films. The removal of the organic components in the PAA/PDDA-silicate mulilayer films through calcination produces highly porous silica coatings with excellent mechanical stability and good adhesion to substrates. Quartz substrates covered with such porous silica coatings exhibit both antireflection and antifogging properties because of the reduced refractive index and superhydrophilicity of the resultant films. A maximum transmittance of 99.86% in the visible spectral range is achieved for the calcinated PAA/PDDA-silicate films deposited on quartz substrates. The wavelengths of maximum transmittance could be well tailored by simply changing the deposition cycles of multilayer films. The usage of PDDA-silicate complexes allows for the introduction of high porosity to the resultant silica coatings, which favors the fabrication of antireflection and antifogging coatings with enhanced performance. Meanwhile, PDDA-silicate complexes enable rapid fabrication of thick porous silica coatings after calcination because of the large dimensions of the complexes in solution. The easy availability of the materials and simplicity of this method for film fabrication might make the mechanically stable multifunctional antireflection and antifogging coatings potentially useful in a variety of applications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Oct 7 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces