Mechanism of bubbles formation and anomalous phase separation in the CoNiP system

Maria I. Panasyuk, Tatiana I. Zubar, Tatsiana I. Usovich, Daria I. Tishkevich, Oleg D. Kanafyev, Vladimir A. Fedkin, Anna N. Kotelnikova, Sergei V. Trukhanov, Dominik L. Michels, Dmitry Lyakhov, Tatiana N. Vershinina, Valery M. Fedosyuk, Alex V. Trukhanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This study announces the anomalous phase separation in CoNiP alloy electroplating. The observed phenomenon of the formation of magnetic bubbles was described for the first time for this triple CoNiP system. This study briefly covers all stages of magnetic bubble formation, starting from the formation of an amorphous phosphor-rich sublayer, followed by nucleation centers, and finally cobalt-rich bubbles. An explanation for the anomalous mechanism of bubble formation was found in the effects of additives and the phenomena of depolarization and superpolarization.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 10 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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