We report on the generation of second-harmonic signals by irradiating monolayers of high purity Ga nanoparticles, embedded in a [Formula presented] matrix, with femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm. A remarkable melting-induced enhancement of the second-harmonic generation is observed in correspondence of the phase transition. In addition, the hysteresis cycle of nonlinear transmittance is shown to be amplified a factor of 80–100 with respect to the linear response and interpreted in the framework of a nonlinear effective-medium model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy