A membrane bioreactor (MBR) is considered to be one of the advanced technologies used to produce high-quality effluents. However, membrane fouling is the main hindrance to the widespread use of MBR technology. Fouling reduction can make the technology more sustainable and comparable to conventional biological treatment technology in energy footprints. The characteristics of the wastewater, the reactor's operational parameters, and the characteristics of the membrane affect the fouling. This chapter discusses the types of configuration of an MBR and compares the anaerobic MBR (AnMBR) and aerobic MBR. Factors affecting membrane fouling are discussed in detail. In addition, potential physiochemical and biological fouling abatement strategies are reviewed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering|
|Number of pages||30|
|State||Published - Feb 27 2023|