Membrane bioreactor for wastewater treatment: Fouling and abatement strategies

Shamas Tabraiz, Muhammad Zeeshan, Muhammad Asif, Uchenna Egwu, Sidra Iftekhar, Paul Sallis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


A membrane bioreactor (MBR) is considered to be one of the advanced technologies used to produce high-quality effluents. However, membrane fouling is the main hindrance to the widespread use of MBR technology. Fouling reduction can make the technology more sustainable and comparable to conventional biological treatment technology in energy footprints. The characteristics of the wastewater, the reactor's operational parameters, and the characteristics of the membrane affect the fouling. This chapter discusses the types of configuration of an MBR and compares the anaerobic MBR (AnMBR) and aerobic MBR. Factors affecting membrane fouling are discussed in detail. In addition, potential physiochemical and biological fouling abatement strategies are reviewed.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCurrent Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Number of pages30
ISBN (Print)9780443191800
StatePublished - Feb 27 2023


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