Microarchitected 3D printed polylactic acid (PLA) nanocomposite scaffolds for biomedical applications

Fahad Alam, Vishnu Raj Shukla, K. M. Varadarajan, S. Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-bacterial scaffolds made of copper, bronze and silver particles filled PLA nanocomposites were realized via fused filament fabrication (FFF), additive manufacturing. The thermal, mechanical and biological characteristics including bioactivity and bactericidal properties of the scaffolds were evaluated. The incorporation of bronze particles into the neat PLA increases the elastic modulus up to 10% and 27% for samples printed in 0° and 90° configurations respectively. The stiffness increases, up to 103% for silver filled PLA nanocomposite scaffolds. The surface of scaffolds was treated with acetic acid to create a thin porous network. Significant increase (~20–25%) in the anti-bacterial properties and bioactivity (~18–100%) is attributed to the synergetic effect of reinforcement of metallic/metallic alloy particles and acid treatment. The results indicate that PLA nanocomposites could be a potential candidate for bone scaffold applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume103
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

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