The primary objective of this study is to measure the minimum ignition energy (MIE) of methane-air and hydrogen-air mixtures at low temperatures and atmospheric pressure. Initial fuel-air mixture temperatures as low as 200 K were considered, for a constant equivalence ratio of 1.0 for methane-air and 0.16 for hydrogen-air. The ignition source was a spark, generated by a high-voltage pulse of 100 μs duration, applied on two pin electrodes of 0.1-mm diameter, separated by a gap distance of 1 mm. The experimental methodology was validated by comparing the results obtained with those from previous studies available in the literature. First, for methane-air mixtures, the MIE as a function of the equivalence ratio followed the same trend at 295 K and 255 K, i.e., its lowest value was obtained for a stoichiometric mixture. Second, when the temperature of the mixture was decreased, the MIE increased linearly for both fuels. The rate at which the MIE changed was higher for hydrogen-air (−7.9 μJ/K) than for methane-air (−3.4 μJ/K). Overall, this study provides valuable information on the MIE of methane-air and hydrogen-air mixtures at low temperatures, which can be useful for the design of cryogenic fuel storage systems.
- Cryogenic storage of hydrogen
- Spark ignition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology