Moisture-Resilient Perovskite Solar Cells for Enhanced Stability

Randi Azmi*, Shynggys Zhumagali, Helen Bristow, Shanshan Zhang, Aren Yazmaciyan, Anil Reddy Pininti, Drajad Satrio Utomo, Anand S. Subbiah, Stefaan De Wolf*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


With the rapid rise in device performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs), overcoming instabilities under outdoor operating conditions has become the most crucial obstacle toward their commercialization. Among stressors such as light, heat, voltage bias, and moisture, the latter is arguably the most critical, as it can decompose metal-halide perovskite (MHP) photoactive absorbers instantly through its hygroscopic components (organic cations and metal halides). In addition, most charge transport layers (CTLs) commonly employed in PSCs also degrade in the presence of water. Furthermore, photovoltaic module fabrication encompasses several steps, such as laser processing, subcell interconnection, and encapsulation, during which the device layers are exposed to the ambient atmosphere. Therefore, as a first step toward long-term stable perovskite photovoltaics, it is vital to engineer device materials toward maximizing moisture resilience, which can be accomplished by passivating the bulk of the MHP film, introducing passivation interlayers at the top contact, exploiting hydrophobic CTLs, and encapsulating finished devices with hydrophobic barrier layers, without jeopardizing device performance. Here, existing strategies for enhancing the performance stability of PSCs are reviewed and pathways toward moisture-resilient commercial perovskite devices are formulated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2211317
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number12
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • charge transport layers
  • damp heat testing
  • encapsulation
  • hygroscopic
  • moisture
  • perovskites
  • stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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