Low-frequency signal content in seismic data as well as a realistic initial model are key ingredients for robust and efficient full-waveform inversions. However, acquiring low-frequency data is challenging in practice for active seismic surveys. Data-driven solutions show promise to extrapolate low-frequency data given a high-frequency counterpart. While being established for synthetic acoustic examples, the application of bandwidth extrapolation to field datasets remains non-trivial. Rather than aiming to reach superior accuracy in bandwidth extrapolation, we propose to jointly reconstruct low-frequency data and a smooth background subsurface model within a multi-task deep learning framework. We automatically balance data, model and trace-wise correlation loss terms in the objective functional and show that this approach improves the extrapolation capability of the network. We also design a pipeline for generating synthetic data suitable for field data applications. Finally, we apply the same trained network to synthetic and real marine streamer datasets and run an elastic full-waveform inversion from the extrapolated dataset.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|State||Published - Jun 23 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)