Natural gas upgrading using a fluorinated MOF with tuned H2S and CO2 adsorption selectivity

Youssef Belmabkhout, Prashant Bhatt, Karim Adil, Renjith S. Pillai, Amandine Cadiau, Aleksander Shkurenko, Guillaume Maurin, Liu Gongping, William J. Koros, Mohamed Eddaoudi

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168 Scopus citations


The process used to upgrade natural gas, biogas and refinery-off-gas directly influences the cost of producing the fuel and often requires complex separation strategies and operational systems to remove contaminants such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2). Here we report a fluorinated metal–organic framework (MOF), AlFFIVE-1-Ni, that allows simultaneous and equally selective removal of CO2 and H2S from CH4-rich streams in a single adsorption step. The simultaneous removal is possible for a wide range of H2S and CO2 compositions and concentrations of the gas feed. Pure component and mixed gas adsorption, single-crystal X-ray diffraction and molecular simulation studies were carried out to elucidate the mechanism governing the simultaneous adsorption of H2S and CO2. The results suggest that concurrent removal of CO2 and H2S is achieved via the integrated favourable sites for H2S and CO2 adsorption in a confined pore system. This approach offers the prospect of simplifying the complex schemes for removal of acid gases.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1059-1066
Number of pages8
JournalNature Energy
Issue number12
StatePublished - Oct 29 2018


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