Near isotropic behavior of turbulent thermal convection

Dinesh Nath, Ambrish Pandey, Abhishek Kumar, Mahendra K. Verma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We investigate the anisotropy in turbulent convection in a three-dimensional (3D) box using direct numerical simulation. We compute the anisotropic parameter A = u2⊥/(2u2), where u⊥ and u are the components of velocity perpendicular and parallel to the buoyancy direction, the shell and ring spectra, and shell-to-shell energy transfers. We observe that the flow is nearly isotropic for the Prandtl number Pr ≈ 1, but the anisotropy increases with the Prandtl number. For Pr = ∞,A ≈ 0.3, anisotropy is not very significant even inmextreme cases. We also observe that u feeds energy to u⊥ via pressure. The computation of shell-to-shell energy transfers reveals that the energy transfer in turbulent convection is local and forward, similar to hydrodynamic turbulence. These results are consistent with the Kolmogorov’s spectrum observed by Kumar et al. [Phys. Rev. E 90, 023016 (2014)] for turbulent convection
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 28 2016
Externally publishedYes


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