New Millennium AI and the Convergence of History: Update of 2012

Jürgen Schmidhuber*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Artificial Intelligence (AI) has recently become a real formal science: the new millennium brought the first mathematically sound, asymptotically optimal, universal problem solvers, providing a new, rigorous foundation for the previously largely heuristic field of General AI and embedded agents. There also has been rapid progress in not quite universal but still rather general and practical artificial recurrent neural networks for learning sequence-processing programs, now yielding state-of-the-art results in real world applications. And the computing power per Euro is still growing by a factor of 100–1,000 per decade, greatly increasing the feasibility of neural networks in general, which have started to yield human-competitive results in challenging pattern recognition competitions. Finally, a recent formal theory of fun and creativity identifies basic principles of curious and creative machines, laying foundations for artificial scientists and artists. Here I will briefly review some of the new results of my lab at IDSIA, and speculate about future developments, pointing out that the time intervals between the most notable events in over 40,000 years or 2 9 lifetimes of human history have sped up exponentially, apparently converging to zero within the next few decades.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFrontiers Collection
PublisherSpringer Vieweg
Number of pages22
StatePublished - 2012

Publication series

NameFrontiers Collection
VolumePart F968
ISSN (Print)1612-3018
ISSN (Electronic)2197-6619


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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • History and Philosophy of Science
  • Philosophy
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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