Nonlocal Spin Valves Based on Graphene/Fe3GeTe2 van der Waals Heterostructures

Xin He, Chenhui Zhang, Dongxing Zheng, Peng Li, John Q. Xiao, Xixiang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With recent advances in two-dimensional (2D) ferromagnets with enhanced Curie temperatures, it is possible to develop all-2D spintronic devices with high-quality interfaces using 2D ferromagnets. In this study, we have successfully fabricated nonlocal spin valves (NLSVs) with Fe3GeTe2 (FGT) as the spin source and detector and multilayer graphene as the spin transport channel. The nonlocal spin transport signal was found to strongly depend on temperature and disappear at a temperature below the Curie temperature of the FGT flakes, which stemmed from the temperature-dependent ferromagnetism of FGT. The spin injection efficiency was estimated to be about 1%, close to that of the conventional NLSVs with transparent contacts between ferromagnetic electrodes and the graphene channel. In addition, the spin transport signal was found to depend on the direction of the magnetic field and the magnitude of the current, which was due to the strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of FGT and the thermal effect, respectively. Our results provide opportunities to extend the applications of van der Waals heterostructures in spintronic devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
StatePublished - 2023


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