Novel understanding of calcium silicate hydrate from dilute hydration

Lina Zhang, Kazuo Yamauchi, Zongjin Li, Xixiang Zhang, Hongyan Ma, Shenguang Ge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


The perspective of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) is still confronting various debates due to its intrinsic complicated structure and properties after decades of studies. In this study, hydration at dilute suspension of w/s equaling to 10 was conducted for tricalcium silicate (C3S) to interpret long-term hydration process and investigate the formation, structure and properties of C-S-H. Based on results from XRD, IR, SEM, NMR and so forth, loose and dense clusters of C-S-H with analogous C/S ratio were obtained along with the corresponding chemical formulae proposed as Ca5Si4O13∙6.2H2O. Crystalline structure inside C-S-H was observed by TEM, which was allocated at the foil-like proportion as well as the edge of wrinkles of the product. The long-term hydration process of C3S in dilute suspension could be sketchily described as migration of calcium hydroxide and in-situ growth of C-S-H with equilibrium silicon in aqueous solution relatively constant and calcium varied.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-105
Number of pages11
JournalCement and Concrete Research
StatePublished - May 13 2017


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