Nucleotide sequence and molecular evolution of mouse retrovirus-like IAP elements

Aota Shin-ichi*, Gojobori Takashi, Shigesada Katsuya, Ozeki Haruo, Ikemura Toshimichi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We determined the nucleotide (nt) sequences of cDNA and genomic clones for murine intracistemal type A particle (IAP) elements, which are retrovirus-like repetitive sequences in rodent genomes. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNA resembled that of retrovirus RNA genomes in its lack of the U5 sequence within the 3′ long terminal repeat. By sequence comparison of our clones with reported rodent IAP elements, we located the probable gag, pol and env gene regions. The sequences for the pal, env and the 3′ two-thirds of the gag region were conserved among the IAP elements. In the regions, synonymous substitutions occurred more frequently than non-synonymous ones, which suggested that the regions in question were functionally constrained until fairly recently. The rate of nucleotide substitutions in the regions was estimated to be 6-10 × 10-9 nt per site per year, and significantly higher than that of the cellular genes. These rates may exemplify a characteristic of the nucleotide substitutions for an endogenous retrovirus. The sequence homology between the IAP element and IgE-binding factor gene is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes


  • M 13 phage vectors
  • Repetitive sequence
  • cDNA cloning
  • endogenous retrovirus
  • recombinant DNA
  • retrotransposon
  • rodents
  • synonymous substitution
  • transposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Nucleotide sequence and molecular evolution of mouse retrovirus-like IAP elements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this