Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine Blade Fatigue Life

Imran Shah, Abdullah Khan, Muhsin Ali, Sana Shahab, Shahid Aziz, Muhammad Adnan Aslam Noon, Javed Ahmad Khan Tipu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Horizontal-axis wind turbines are the most popular wind machines in operation today. These turbines employ aerodynamic blades that may be oriented either upward or downward. HAWTs are the most common non-conventional source of energy generation. These turbine blades fail mostly due to fatigue, as a large centrifugal force acts on them at high rotational speeds. This study aims to increase a turbine’s service life by improving the turbine blades’ fatigue life. Predicting the fatigue life and the design of the turbine blade considers the maximum wind speed range. SolidWorks, a CAD program, is used to create a wind turbine blade utilizing NACA profile S814. The wind turbine blade’s fatigue life is calculated using Morrow’s equation. A turbine blade will eventually wear out due to several forces operating on it. Ansys software is used to analyze these stresses using the finite element method. The fatigue study of wind turbine blades is described in this research paper. To increase a turbine blade’s fatigue life, this research study focuses on design optimization. Based on the foregoing characteristics, an improved turbine blade design with a longer fatigue life than the original one is intended in this study. The primary fatigue parameters are the length of a chord twist angle and blade length. The experimental data computed with the aid of a fatigue testing machine are also used to validate the numerical results, and it is found that they are very similar to one another. By creating the most effective turbine blades with the longest fatigue life, this research study can be developed further. The most effective turbine blades with the longest fatigue life can be designed to further this research investigation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4804
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 3 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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