NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION ON REGENERATIVE HEAT-DRIVEN CRYOCOOLERS FOR ZERO BOIL-OFF STORAGE OF LIQUID HYDROGEN

Jing Luo, Yanyan Chen*, Limin Zhang, Vigneshwaran Sankar, Deoras Prabhudharwadkar, Saumitra Saxena, Deanna Lacoste, William Roberts, Ercang Luo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Aiming at the zero boil-off demand of liquid hydrogen storage tank, this paper uses SAGE software to design and simulate 300 W @ 20 K regenerative heat-driven cryocoolers, verifying the principle feasibility of duplex free-piston Stirling cryocooler and thermoacoustic heat-driven pulse tube cryocooler for the zero boil-off storage of liquid hydrogen. The results show that under the design conditions of mean pressure of 5 MPa, the operating frequency of 50 Hz, the heating temperature of 500°C, and ambient temperature of 30°C, the exergy efficiency of the duplex free-piston Stirling cryocooler can reach 19.4%, while the exergy efficiency of the thermoacoustic heat-driven pulse tube cryocooler is 14.3%. However, because a fixed-parameter harmonic oscillator is used to couple the engine and the cryocooler in the duplex free-piston Stirling cryocooler, it is difficult to achieve multi-condition matching, which makes it very sensitive to changes in operating parameters such as mean pressure and heating temperature. In contrast, the thermoacoustic heat-driven pulse tube cryocooler is completely free of moving parts and has excellent adaptability to the operating conditions. Therefore, the thermoacoustic heatdriven pulse tube cryocooler may be a promising solution in the application field of zero boil-off storage of liquid hydrogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCycle Innovations; Cycle Innovations
Subtitle of host publicationEnergy Storage
PublisherThe American Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791886014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
EventASME Turbo Expo 2022: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2022 - Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: Jun 13 2022Jun 17 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume4

Conference

ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2022: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2022
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityRotterdam
Period06/13/2206/17/22

Keywords

  • exergy efficiency
  • numerical simulation
  • regenerative heat-driven cryocooler
  • sensitivity analysis
  • Zero boil-off of liquid hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION ON REGENERATIVE HEAT-DRIVEN CRYOCOOLERS FOR ZERO BOIL-OFF STORAGE OF LIQUID HYDROGEN'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this