Numerical simulation and analysis of confined turbulent buoyant jet with variable source

Mohamed El-Amin, Abdulmajeed Al-Ghamdi, Amgad Salama, Shuyu Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


In this work, experimental and numerical investigations are undertaken for confined buoyant turbulent jet with varying inlet temperatures. Results of the experimental work and numerical simulations for the problem under consideration are presented. Four cases of different variable inlet temperatures and different flow rates are considered. The realizable k-ɛ turbulence model is used to model the turbulent flow. Comparisons show good agreements between simulated and measured results. The average deviation of the simulated temperature by realizable k-ɛ turbulent model and the measured temperature is within 2%. The results indicate that temperatures along the vertical axis vary, generally, in nonlinear fashion as opposed to the approximately linear variation that was observed for the constant inlet temperature that was done in a previous work. Furthermore, thermal stratification exits, particularly closer to the entrance region. Further away from the entrance region the variation in temperatures becomes relatively smaller. The stratification is observed since the start of the experiment and continues during the whole course. Numerical experiments for constant, monotone increasing and monotone decreasing of inlet temperature are done to show its effect on the buoyancy force in terms of Richardson number.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)955-968
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 23 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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