Numerical simulation of thermal flows and entropy generation of magnetized hybrid nanomaterials filled in a hexagonal cavity

Afraz Hussain Majeed, Rashid Mahmood, Hasan Shahzad, Amjad Ali Pasha, Nazrul Islam, Mustafa M. Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The current study addresses the features of entropy generation and thermal flows regarding magnetized hybrid nanofluid in the presence of a cylinder in a closed hexagonal domain. The hexagonal cavity comprises two heated horizontal walls, and two are insulated while the other walls are cold. The whole system has been modeled as coupled non-linear partial differential equations. Also, normalized the governing coupled equation by utilizing a proper pair of variables and are computed with a finite element approach. For the approximation of velocity profiles, a finite element space involving the quadratic polynomial (P2) is selected whereas the pressure and temperature estimation is accomplished through a space of linear polynomial (P1). An analogy is handed with published findings at confining instance. The degree of freedom and grid convergence test is considered for the kinetic energy (KE) and Bejan number (Be). The study reveals a major role in enhancing the heat transfer rate due to hybrid nano-particles. The results show that the increase of magnetic field effect considers the reduction of the heat transfer because the conduction motion occupies the motion of the fluid flow. When the Hartmann number is increased, the magnetic entropy is raised, too. For intensified the Hartmann numbers, the highest ratio of heat transfer occurs for the case of the hybrid nanoparticles, and then MgO-water, followed by the Ag-water. The nature of thermal flow parameters has been scrutinized.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102293
JournalCase Studies in Thermal Engineering
StatePublished - Sep 8 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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