Numerical solution of two-dimensional axisymmetric laminar diffusion flames

M. D. Smooke*, R. E. Mitchell, D. E. Keyes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

203 Scopus citations


We apply a detailed chemistry, complex transport combustion model to a two-dimensional, axisymmetric laminar diffusion flame in which a cylindrical fuel stream is surrounded by a coflowing oxidizer jet. Unlike some models in which diffusion in the axial direction is neglected, we treat the fully elliptic problem. A discrete solution is obtained by combining a steady-state and a time-dependent solution method. A time-dependent approach is used to help obtain a converged numerical solution on an initial coarse grid using a flame sheet starting estimate. Grid points are then inserted adaptively and Newton’s method is used to complete the problem. We investigate both a confined coflowing and an unconfined coflowing methane-air diffusion flame and comparisons with experimental data are made.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-122
Number of pages38
JournalCombustion science and technology
Issue number4-6
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Numerical solution of two-dimensional axisymmetric laminar diffusion flames'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this